Best Hori Hori Knife - Top Choices in 2022

Most gardeners have heard of the hori-hori garden knife by now, also known as the weeding knife. It's a multi-purpose miracle that can easily replace any garden tool that you currently depend on. This must-have knife can dig, weed, saw, cut, slice, transplant, measure soil depth, harvest, prune, and so much more.

Since there are various choices on the market, there are probably many knives that aren't worth your attention. So, if you're interested in finding the best hori-hori knife available now, why it's the best, and how to even choose one, continue reading.

Related:

Best Hori-Hori Knives Reviewed

It's tough to narrow down all the Japanese hori-hori knives on the market to a limited selection that you can choose from. You'll need to understand what you should be looking for in a soil knife first.

So, we've decided to do the hard work for you and find the best options, pointing out which features they excel at the most.

Nisaku NJP650 Hori-Hori Knife - Best Overall

Nisaku NJP650 Hori-Hori Weeding & Digging Knife, Authentic Tomita (Est. 1960) Japanese Stainless Steel, 7.25' Blade, Wood Handle

Amazon 

If you don't want to waste time on lesser products and want a shortcut to the best hori-hori knife, there's arguably no better option than the Nisaku NJP650 Hori-Hori Knife. It has everything from affordability to quality construction and practicality.

For one, the knife is quite affordable and almost too good to be true considering its quality. Like the original hori-hori knife, this one's made in Japan. It has all the qualities of the classic design, including the wooden handle, double-sided stainless steel blade that resists rust and scratches, and inch markings that enable you to work at the desired depth.

Pros

Authentically made in Japan

Rust and scratch-resistant stainless steel blade

Inch markings to ensure gardening at the proper depth

Versatile double-sided knife

Relatively affordable

Cons

The sheath is plastic and not the best quality

Black Iron Hori-Hori Knife - Quality Build

Hori Hori Garden Knife [7 Inches, Japanese Stainless Steel] Durable Gardening Tool for Weeding, Digging, Cutting & Planting with Leather Sheath and Sharpening Stone

Amazon 

We recommend the Black Iron Hori-Hori Knife for people who want knives that can handle heavy-duty use and won't break in two at the first challenge.

From the start, the sturdiness of the hardwood handle is the biggest tell-tale sign that this is no ordinary knife. The high-grade stainless steel blade is rust-resistant and double-sided for versatile use, from weeding to planting bulbs. Its full-tang design promises that it won't break or bend, regardless of your work's intensity.

Also, it has millimeter and inch markings to tell the depth. Finally, it comes with a sharpening stone and heavy-duty leather sheath.

Pros

The full-tang blade is unbendable and unbreakable

High-grade double-sided stainless steel blade

Sturdy hardwood handle

Comes with a sharpening stone and heavy-duty leather sheath

Millimeter and inch markings for reading and measuring the depth

Cons

It feels relatively heavy, so might give you an arm ache after a while.

Sensei Hori-Hori Knife - Traditional

Sengreen Hori Digging Knife - 7.5 Inches, with Leather Sheath

Amazon 

For a traditional design with a modern twist, check out the Sensei Hori-Hori Knife. It's an interesting crossover between a hand trowel and a knife.

The knife has many traditional features. They include the durable stainless steel blade, concave blade with serrated and straight edges for versatile applications, and inch markings that tell you how deep you're digging or seeding.

However, it comes with a modern twist, thanks to the ergonomic, non-slip polymer handle that ensures a secure grip, even when you're sweating. It also comes with a leather sheath with belt loops to keep it on yourself while working.

Pros

Ergonomic, non-slip polymer handle

Durable stainless steel blade that resists the elements

Comes with a leather sheath with belt loops

Inch markings to ensure gardening at the correct depth

Concave, double-sided blade for versatile applications

Cons

The blade is half tang

Truly Garden Hori-Hori Knife - Good Choice

Hori Hori Garden Knife with Diamond Sharpening Rod, Thickest Leather Sheath and Extra Sharp Blade - in Gift Box. This Hori Hori Knife Makes a Great Gardening Gift.

Amazon 

People that seek hori-hori knives typically want an all-in-one option. If that sounds like what you're looking for, the Truly Garden Hori-Hori knife is a good choice with helpful accessories.

The hardwood handle is riveted, which enhances its strength. Even better, the handle has a guard that protects you against the knife's serrated and flat edges. The stainless steel blade is a full tang one, so nothing can break or bend it. And the 5-year warranty makes us confident in the product's durability.

Additionally, it comes with a leather sheath and diamond sharpening rod to keep the blade in the best shape.

Pros

Riveted hardwood handle for extra strength

Handle guard for safety from sharp edges

The full-tang stainless steel blade is unbendable and unbreakable

Comes with a leather sheath and diamond sharpening rod

Backed by a 5-year warranty

Cons

Might be considered heavy for some people.

Cielcera Hori-Hori Garden Knife - Wooden Handle

CIELCERA 12' Hori Hori Garden Knife (Right Serrated Blade) with Free Diamond Sharpening Rod, Ideal Gardening Digging Landscaping Weeding Tool, with Thick Sheath and a Fine Gift Box

Amazon 

While polymer handles have their advantages, many gardeners still prefer the wooden handle of the Cielcera Hori-Hori Garden Knife and similar options. That's due to its durability and comfort.

Starting with the handle, it's made of sturdy hardwood and riveted for extra durability. It also comes with a guard that protects you from its sharp double edges. Moreover, rust and corrosion have nothing on the 420 stainless steel blade, as it's rigid with a full-tang design.

In addition, the weeding knife has a leather sheath and diamond sharpening rod so that you can maintain it for a longer shelf life.

Pros

The full-tang blade is unbendable and unbreakable

Riveted wooden handle for extra strength

Handle guard for safety from sharp edges

Comes with a leather sheath and diamond sharpening rod

420 stainless steel blade resists rust and corrosion

Cons

Can be heavy compared to other options

Fiskars Big Grip Garden Knife - Simple Design

Fiskars Big Grip Garden Knife (70796935J)

Amazon 

For beginners, we suggest the Fiskars Big Grip Garden Knife. It's a handy garden tool with a simple design for basic gardening tasks.

Once you hold the knife, you'll notice its padded, oversized, and comfortable grips. Also, the notched tip is unique and helps remove weeds easily. So, it's a simple knife suitable for beginners or gardeners who don't have high demands. And It's impressively lightweight.

Furthermore, this knife's the most affordable one on our list. Yet, it's backed by a lifetime warranty that guarantees a long shelf life. But you'd do well not to use it for heavy-duty work.

Pros

Most affordable on the list

Backed by a full lifetime warranty

Straightforward design for beginners

Comfortable, padded grips

It has a unique notched tip for removing weeds

Cons

It doesn't come with a sheath

Not durable enough for heavy-duty use

No markings for measurement of depth

The blade isn't stainless steel, but a coated one

How to Choose a Japanese Gardening Knife

There are two possibilities: you're either a beginner who's buying their first digging knife or a professional gardener or landscaper who's on their way to buy their tenth one.

How to choose the best hori hori knife (Japanese gardening knife).

Either way, you don't want to invest time and money on the wrong garden tool, only to have to return or replace it in a couple of weeks. So, pay attention to the features we'll discuss below to know how to decide whether a weeding knife's right for you.

Handle

Because handles make all the difference, most experienced gardeners prefer the wooden handle. For starters, hardwood and bamboo handles aren't affected by the temperature. Also, they provide a non-slip grip for safe usage. Plus, wooden handles are the most aesthetically pleasing and authentic-looking option. However, they may be heavy.

Alternatively, some handles are made of plastic or soft polymer. They're good and lightweight, which is perfect for beginners, while others are flimsy and cheap.

Quick Pro Tip: Look for a handle that's riveted to hold all the knife's parts together and has a lanyard hole to hang the knife on.

Length

It's vital to consider length when it comes to your favorite weeding tool. The length of the blade itself typically ranges from six to seven and a half inches, while the total length of the gardening tool ranges from twelve to fourteen and a half inches. The average width of a Japanese hori-hori knife is an inch and a half to two inches.

Blade

The knife's concave blade comes in varying degrees to help you scoop and dig. The most sustainable material is stainless steel, which handles continuous soil and water exposure, thanks to its corrosion and rust resistance.

This blade type is long-lasting, with little maintenance needed. And the carbon steel blade lasts just as long with good care.

In a dual design, every traditional Japanese garden knife has a serrated edge for digging, sawing, and other demanding tasks and a straight edge for basic slicing and cutting. Furthermore, it should have an engraved ruler/depth scale to gauge how deep you're digging.

Extras

Sometimes, a Japanese gardening knife will come with additional features or accessories that help it stand out. Extra accessories give you the best value for your money, so we highly recommend them if you're on a budget.

A high-quality hori-hori knife comes with its own leather sheath, whetstone, sharpening rod, belt clips, extra blades, and other accessories that save you the cost of having to buy them separately. So, find knives that come with their own accessories.

Tang

The word tang refers to the extension of the blade through the handle. Knives either come with a full tang or half tang.

On the one hand, a full-length tang is an ideal choice for a strong knife that doesn't bend, detach, or break, no matter how much pressure you put it under. So, it's more suitable for heavy-duty use and demanding gardeners that don't settle for less, even if it's more affordable.

On the other hand, a half tang makes the knife lightweight and maneuverable for the less experienced gardeners.

Comfort

Most beginner gardeners don't realize how tiring gardening tasks can be, primarily when they depend on monotonous hand movements.

So, look for knives with an ergonomic, fatigue-free grip because you deserve to take care of your garden without your hands cramping. Different designs cater to different comfort needs.

Many gardeners find natural materials like wooden handles to be the most comfortable. On the other hand, many people find the more modern polymer handles excellent, especially for sweaty hands. If the knife you already have isn't the most comfortable, consider making up for it with comfortable gardening gloves.

Size

When it comes to size, some knives are made for larger hands, while others are made for smaller ones or for people who prioritize portability above everything else. So, bear in mind the size of your own hands and choice of application the next time you buy a hori-hori knife.

Stain/Corrosion Resistance

Any gardening tool you use will constantly be exposed to the elements, whether it's water, soil, or even the sun. It's important to consider whether the materials involved will rust or stain.

If you're looking for a knife that's virtually unaffected by these factors, we highly recommend investing in one with a stainless steel blade.

There's a lesser option that's more affordable, which is the carbon steel blade. For even more affordability, consider blades that are coated with rust-resistant materials. However, these don't even come close to stainless steel blades.

Cleaning/Maintenance

Like other gardening tools, your Japanese garden knife needs care. Whenever you use your soil knife, it collects dirt, sticky sap, and so much more. If these things continue to build up on the blade, they'll reduce its quality.

So, the most basic care routine that you can do is wipe it clean with white spirit after each use. Clean the handles and oil them to prevent them from cracking, as well. Also, sharpening the blade is a no-brainer for the knife to last, so get a diamond sharpening rod to sharpen it whenever it gets dull.

The Sheath

The sheath is the cover that protects the knife from the elements and enables you to store it anywhere. It also saves everyone from the knife's sharp edge. And it comes with belt loops so that you don't lose it while working. Generally, it helps your knife last long.

A leather sheath is the most high-quality option, but there are good nylon options at a lower price. Faux leather is also a popular option for vegan gardeners who don't want any animal-based materials in their products. And it's popular for its affordability when compared to genuine leather.

Why You Need to Buy a Hori-Hori Knife

Cost-Effectiveness

If you think about every garden tool out there and how much it costs, gardening would seem to be very expensive. But, what if we told you that you can save all that money on multiple tools by getting only one? That's precisely what the hori-hori knife is here for. It replaces many tools, which ends up saving a lot of money for gardeners on a budget.

Versatility

It's one little tool that's probably the most versatile in someone's backyard. With a hori-hori knife, you can make seed troughs, slice through anything, cut through roots, loosen up the soil, harvest crops and flowers, remove deep-rooted weeds, mix in fertilizers, dig holes, prune branches, aerate the soil, and do much more.

The engraved measurements also help you understand the depth that you're working with. So, in many ways, this knife acts as a trowel, ruler, pruner, weed extractor, and small saw.

Ease of Use

One of the advantages that hori-hori knives have over other tools is how straightforward they are. Even if you're an amateur in the world of gardening or landscaping, using a knife to cut through stuff and dig up holes comes quite naturally. You can probably tell that the serrated edge is for complex tasks, while the flat edge is for basic tasks without anyone telling you.

So, the hori-hori knife is a favorite among amateurs and professionals alike.

Origin of the Hori-Hori Knife

This is for all Japanese gardening tools enthusiasts. Let's take a trip down memory lane to better understand Hori-Hori knives and how they came to be what they are today.

How It Started

This convenient tool originated in Japan in 1876, when the Meiji government officially banned the manufacturing of katanas, so swordsmiths had to make a living in another way. Their talents of sword forging paid off in the world of gardening. This was all thanks to the high quality of their work and the versatility of their tools.

In the beginning, the Hori-Hori knife was called the "Sansai knife", as it was used to excavate Sansai and harvest vegetables from the mountains. Its handle was either wooden or bamboo.

As time went by, more and more people started to take notice of this particular knife. The duality of its blade's sides helped many farmers and gardeners saw anything with one side and dig with another.

How It's Going

Modern advancements were reflected in the construction of the Hori-Hori knife, as well. Manufacturers are now more able to balance durability with lightness, and the materials used are more affordable to the average gardener.

To give you an example, you can now find knives with good-quality plastic handles. There's even more variety in wooden handles. Also, blades now come in either stainless steel or carbon steel so that you can choose depending on your usage.

Finally, modern knives come with their own accessories. From sharpening rods and stone to nylon and leather sheaths, there's a lot more comfort in these garden tools.

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are the most common questions people have.

What Can Japanese Gardening Knives Do?

Believe it or not, it'd be easier to ask, "what can't Japanese gardening knives do?" The soil knife is a multi-purpose garden tool that can do many gardening tasks and even replace essential gardening tools.

You can use it to dig, cut, slice, remove stubborn roots, harvest all root crops, eradicate all kinds of weeds, saw through anything, mark rows for seeds, transplant, measure soil depth, prune, and finally, seed and plant.

What Does Hori-Hori Mean?

The word "Hori" alone means "to dig" in Japanese. To elaborate, the expression "hori-hori" is an onomatopoeia for the sound of digging, which is a pretty clever way of referencing the common usage of the tool in digging and scooping dirt.

More importantly, the expression refers to a multi-purpose tool, and digging is only one of the many ways you can utilize it. It's also called the weeding knife or soil knife.

How Do You Sharpen a Hori-Hori Knife?

Before you sharpen the tool, make sure you clean it with soapy water or white spirit. Then, grab the sharpening rod, and start sharpening the straight edge of the knife in small circular patterns up and down the blade.

Next, switch to the pointed side of the rod to sharpen the serrated edge of the blade. Then, insert the rod between the teeth, and go back and forth in twisting motion, focusing on the bigger gaps.

What Is Half Tang?

A half-tang knife is one where the blade extends for a short part into the handle, meaning that it doesn't extend to the bottom of the knife. This kind of construction makes the knife more lightweight and maneuverable than its full-tang counterpart, making it ideal for light cutting and gardening tasks.

That being said, we don't recommend the half-tang knife for heavy-duty tasks because it might break under pressure. However, it's better suited for beginners.

Final Word

Ultimately, the best knife is probably the Nisaku NJP650 Hori-Hori Knife. This Japanese knife is durable and rust and scratch-resistant.

Also, its inch markings are pretty helpful. If your priority is optimal construction, consider the Black Iron Hori-Hori Knife. Finally, we recommend the Sensei Hori-Hori Knife for its traditional-modern blend.

Best Pruning Shears for Your Garden - Buying Guide & Reviews For 2022

Pruning shears are a must-have for the health of your plants and the beauty of your garden. With the right pair, you’re virtually unstoppable. Yet, not all pruning shears are created equal, and there’s a lot to consider before making an informed decision.

If you need some hand shears to help you cut through stems and branches, continue reading to see the top options on the market and what makes them our favorites.

Quick glance at the best pruning shears:

Also Read:

Best Pruning Shears Reviewed

The abundance of pruning shears on the market can be overwhelming. There are so many types, materials, uses, and mechanisms.

We’ll take the guesswork out of your next purchase by narrowing down the best picks and giving you a diverse selection of options.

Mockins Stainless Steel Bypass Pruning Shears - Best Overall

Nevlers 8' Professional Heavy Duty Bypass Pruning Shears for Gardening | The Garden Shears Pruning Tool Has Stainless Steel Blades & an 8mm Cutting Capacity | Hand Pruner | Green Garden Pruning Shears

Amazon 

There are more than a few reasons why this pruning shear has caught our attention. First things first, it’s quite affordable. The fact that it comes in four different colors doesn’t hurt either.

Also, as a bypass pruner, it’s beginner-friendly and suits a lot of different uses, including cutting flowers, herbs, and bushes. The non-slip, ergonomic rubber handles keep your hands fatigue-free. The shock-absorbing rubber bumpers definitely reduce the strain of usage as well.

One thing that separates a good pruner from a lower-grade counterpart is the existence of a safety lock that protects you from the blades when not in use, and that one definitely has it.

Pros

Cons

Corona RP 3230 Ratchet Anvil Pruner - Best Ratchet Shears

Corona Hand RP 3230 Ratchet Pruner, 3/4-Inch Cut

Amazon 

If you’re looking for a good ratchet pruner, look no further than this one. For its mechanism, it’s quite affordable.

The ratchet mechanism allows you to cut through thicker branches and stems without straining or leaving your hands sore. In fact, the ratchet pruner is pretty lightweight despite its endurance for heavy-duty use.

Also, the non-slip co-molded handles are comfortable but give you a strong grip. Like any shear worth your time, it comes with a safety lock that keeps you safe from the blades. Speaking of the blades, they have a non-stick coating, which makes for a pretty hassle-free clean-up.

Pros

Cons

Tabor Tools K77A Straight Pruning Shears - Best Straight Blade Shears

TABOR TOOLS K77A Straight Pruning Shears with Stainless Steel Blades, Florist Scissors, Multi-Tasking Garden Snips for Arranging Flowers, Trimming Plants, Harvesting Herbs, Fruits or Vegetables.

Amazon 

Many gardeners find straight blades to be more suitable for their applications than the typical anvil or bypass pruner. If you’re looking for the long reach of straight blades that enable you to cut inside bundles with ease, we highly recommend this pruning shear.

The straight blades allow you to cut small to medium plants. The harvesting powers of this gardening tool are insane, as you can harvest flowers, veggies, grapes, and more.

Its open/close metal clip makes it easy to store safely. Plus, it has a shock-absorbing folding spring that reduces hand strain. Finally, it works great with small hands.

Pros

Cons

Felco F-2 Classic Manual Hand Pruner - Most Simple

FELCO F-2 068780 Classic Manual Hand Pruner, F 2

Amazon 

We can’t talk about anvil pruning shears without mentioning Felco. Their garden shears are straightforward and to the point. You can also replace all parts, thanks to the lifetime warranty.

They combine high-quality hardened steel blades with a hardened bolt and nut to provide you with unmatchable durability and premium performance.

Also, the forged aluminum handles can survive it all and rotate to ensure maximum comfort. In addition, the cushioned-shock absorber streamlines your usage, reduces injury, and cuts impact.

Fortunately, the design keeps gardeners with small hands in mind.

Pros

Cons

Happy Hydro Trimming Scissors - Best Scissor Shears

YAMAHA P125 88-Key Weighted Action Digital Piano with Power Supply and Sustain Pedal, Black

Amazon 

If you find usual pruning shears too intimidating for your flower arrangement work, maybe you need a pair of garden scissors like this one.

Without any springs or distraction, this pair is as simple and lightweight as a pair of household scissors, except that it’s made for plants. You can use it for precise cuts for flowers, herbs, veggies, houseplants, and more.

The non-stick coating helps you clean the blades with ease. The blades are corrosion-resistant, as well. Also, the rubber grips are non-slip and surprisingly comfortable to hold.

Pros

Cons

Fiskars Powergear2 Ultrablade Softgrip Pruner - Most Comfortable

Fiskars PowerGear2 UltraBlade Softgrip Pruner

Amazon 

There are tons of pruning shears on the market, but very few are half as comfortable as these ones. Thanks to their contoured rolling handle with patented touchpoints that perfectly fit the shape and motion of the user’s hand, there’s very little competition in this category.

These blades have an UltraBlade coating that keeps sharper five times longer than their counterparts. Also, the patented technology with modified gears multiplies the cutting powers to cut the thickest middles.

Finally, the full lifetime warranty shows complete faith in the quality of the product that’s mirrored in its performance.

Pros

Cons

How to Choose Pruning Shears

Regardless of your level of expertise in gardening, there are a few things to consider when purchasing a pair of shears.

If you’re interested in learning how to judge the quality, durability, and performance of your garden tool, continue reading the features below.

Different Types

Bypass Pruners

As the name suggests, bypass shears work very similarly to a pair of scissors because they have two sharp blades that pass by each other when you make a cut. So, their cuts are precise, sharp, and clean, making them the ideal choice for cutting plant stems and soft tree branches.

Bypass shears are good for all-around use, which means that beginners with no prior experience in gardening shears can use them. The reason is that their clean cuts prevent the risk of damaging the plant.

Anvil Pruners

Anvil pruners work more like a knife on a chopping board because they have a sharp upper blade that presses down to meet a flat, anvil-like metal base.

Anvil pruners are more crushers than cutters, so they’re only recommended when handling dead wood and hardy stems or any job where precision isn’t important. Using these crushers on green stems will damage them.

Ratchet Pruners

Ratchet pruning shears are similar to anvil pruners in that there’s only one sharp blade at work. However, these pruners stand out from anvil pruners by providing a catch-and-hold ratchet mechanism that increases the pressure with each cut without any extra effort from your end.

This type of pruner provides extra leverage to hands that tire easily. Note that, like the anvil pruner, this type is better suited for dead branches than green stems.

Power Pruners

If you hate manual labor in gardening, you’re not the only one. Electric pruning shears are here to save the day, thanks to their rechargeable batteries that power their work. All you have to do for these electric pruning shears to work is to gently squeeze them, and they’ll do the rest.

Blade Material

Stainless Steel Blades

It’s not difficult to find pruners with stainless steel blades. It’s the most common and affordable type of blade. It also doesn’t rust. However, a stainless steel blade is a tangible proof that you get what you pay for, as it’s not a sharp blade that can cut thick branches and tends to have a short life.

Carbon Steel Blades

A carbon steel blade is of the highest quality. The toughness enables it to cut through thicker branches and denser materials. It’s also a naturally sharp blade that needs much less sharpening than its lower-grade counterparts. As you can probably expect, it costs more. However, it’s worth the price, as it can last for years with proper care.

Note that you need to clean your carbon steel blade regularly to prevent rusting.

Titanium-coated Blades

Nothing says durability like titanium. A titanium-coated blade combines the best of stainless steel and carbon steel blades. Like stainless steel, it doesn’t rust. It’s also corrosion-resistant and quite durable. So, if you can’t choose between a stainless steel or carbon steel blade, chances are you’ll be better off with a titanium-coated one.

Non-stick Blades

Non-stick blades are those that have a non-stick coating to prevent gunk and sappy build-up, as it reduces the blade’s quality as it increases. The protective coating means that you won’t have to clean your pruning shear as much. You can find the non-stick coating on different types of blades, such as stainless steel and carbon steel.

Design Options

Spring Loading

What separates hand shears from your typical household scissors? The spring. The spring-loading technique spares you the effort of having to open and close the shears by hand for each cut. Instead, all you have to do is gently squeeze the handles, and the blades will make the cut.

Quick Tip: All pruners have spring. Your job is to ensure that you get garden shears with secure springs. Otherwise, you’ll have to manually open and close the shears just like you would a pair of scissors.

Locking Mechanism (Safety)

Since pruning shears have sharp blades, there had to be a safety mechanism that protects both the users and the blades. Look for pruning shears that have a strong locking mechanism that keeps the blades closed when they’re not in use. This mechanism keeps you safe from accidentally cutting yourself and keeps the blade sharp for as long as possible.

Ergonomic Design

Get a pair of shears that are comfortable to hold. Like any gardening tool, it gets tiring as time goes by because of how monotonous the hand movements are. Feel the pruners in your hands or ask others how comfortable they felt in their hands.

Bumpers

Have you ever thought about how much shock all this cutting can produce and how rough it can be on the gardening tool? Some pruning shears that aren’t anvil have bumpers that absorb the cutting shock, making the tools easier, smoother, and much more comfortable to use.

Grip Coatings

Soft Grips

Soft grips make the most comfortable pruning shears to hold, especially if you plan on trimming for a long period of time. Also, they’re not too soft to the point of slipping. In fact, they’re still texturized so that you can still hold them securely in your hands.

PVC or Rubberized Grips

PVC or rubberized grips are made of either PVC or runner. They’re also comfortable. That being said, if you’re the kind of user whose hands get sweaty, we recommend wearing gloves while using them.

Nonetheless, they’re the best option to use in wet conditions because of the traction they provide.

Rigid Grips

As the name suggests, rigid grips are the toughest of them all because they’re made of a combination between metal and PVC, hard plastic, or resin. Needless to say, they’re not a pleasure to hold. However, they’re quite durable and can withstand all environmental elements that can affect other grip coatings.

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are the most popular questions people have.

What to Look For in Pruning Shears?

Three words: comfort, durability, and safety. You need pruning shears that are comfortable with an ergonomic design, texturized but easy-to-hold handles, and bumpers that absorb shock. Durable blades and spring loading mean high-quality performance and longer shelf life. Finally, the locking mechanism needs to be tough enough to keep the shears closed when not in use.

Which Is Better: Bypass or Anvil Pruners?

Both are the best at something. A bypass pruner is a clean, precise cutter that’s more fit for all living plants whose health you care about, such as delicate stems and woody branches. On the other hand, an anvil pruner is a crusher that enables you to handle deadwood and dry stems.

What Is the Best Brand of Secateurs?

While it’s hard to just narrow it down to only one brand to get your gardening tool from, there are definitely a few brands worth checking out more than others. The brands that have consistently proven they’re worth getting a hand pruner from are Mockins, Corona, Tabor Tools, and Felco.

What Are the Best Pruners for Flowers?

While there are many garden scissors for different uses, some work better than others in certain applications, such as handling delicate flowers. The best options for pruning and harvesting flowers are the Mockins Stainless Steel Bypass Pruning Shears, the Tabor Tools K77A, and the Happy Hydro Trimming Scissors.

Do I Need Pruning Shears?

Yes. Although it’s tempting to “save money” and use household scissors to trim and prune, it’s absolutely not recommended. Pruning shears are specifically made to cut plants without leaving the plants vulnerable to disease or insect damage. Also, using scissors to prune plants can actually damage the scissors if they’re not strong enough.

How Do I Clean Them?

After each use, wash your pruning shears with warm dish soap and water and rinse them to get rid of sap and plant residue that easily build up and damage the blades as time goes by. Don’t forget to dry the shears after each wash to prevent rusting, your shears’ biggest enemy. For sterilization, spray the shears with isopropyl alcohol.

Final Words

How Much Do Grow Lights Cost to Run?

Running your grow lights should not cost more than a few dollars per week. However, every setup is different. You may worry that leaving lighting on for over half the day may drive up your electricity bill.

Luckily, most indoor setups will not severely impact your budget. Unless you have a large grow room with dozens of lights, you can expect to spend just pennies per day.

So, how much do grow lights cost to run? Use the following guide to calculate the cost of running your grow lights and find ways to increase your energy savings.

You should also read: Best Grow Lights For Beginners

Do Grow Lights Use A Lot Of Electricity?

The cost of running grow lights mostly depends on the watt of the bulbs and your local electrical rate. A 600-watt LED bulb consumes the same amount of power as a 600W HPS bulb.

You can estimate the cost by determining the power consumption of your grow lights. Divided the wattage of the bulb by 1000 to determine how many kilowatts per hour it consumes.

A watt (W) is a unit of measurement for electrical power. A kilowatt-hour (kWh) measures the consumption of energy. 1 kWh is the energy consumption for a 1,000-watt device operating for one hour. A 60W incandescent light bulb consumes 0.06 kilowatts per hour (60/1000 = 0.06).

Multiply the consumption of the light bulb by the number of hours per day that you plan on leaving the light on. For example, if you leave the lights on for 18 hours, multiply the kilowatts consumed per hour by 18. A 60W bulb left on for 18 hours per day would consume 1.08 kWh (0.06 x 18 = 1.08).

Multiply the kilowatt-hours by your current electric rate. Your rate is found on your electrical bill.

The average residential electricity rate is 13.29 cents per kilowatt-hour (kWh). Using the previous example, a 60W bulb would cost $0.1435 per day (0.1329 x 1.08 = 0.1435).

LED

LED grow lights are the most efficient option and cool to the touch. An LED light bulb does not produce heat, which eliminates the need for fans that add to the cost of running grow lights. An LED grow light should also last much longer compared to other bulbs, but also tend to cost more.

HID

HID grow lights are the traditional grow lights found in many indoor gardens. HID lights offer the brightest light output and a broader light spectrum.

HID grow lights come in two varieties: HPS and MH. High-pressure sodium (HPS) bulbs provide a broader spectrum of light. An HPS light is a common sight in a grow tent, as it is useful for the flowering cycle.

Metal halide (MH) bulbs are better suited for the vegetative cycle. However, both varieties emit more heat compared to other types of bulbs.

The heat produced by an HID grow light often requires ventilation. Using fans increases the cost of running your grow lights. If you add fans, include the wattage of the fans in your total when calculating your electricity costs.

CFL

A compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) is a common choice for growing plants indoors. Fluorescent grow lights are cheaper and produce less heat compared to an HID bulb.

A fluorescent light bulb is also likely to die more quickly, requiring more replacement bulbs. Depending on the size of your setup, you may not need fans to control temperature.

You may also like: These Are The Best Herbs To Grow Indoors

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are the most common questions people have when it comes to the cost of running a grow light.

How Much Do You Pay for Electricity?

Rates are listed as the cents charged per kilowatt-hour (kWh). The average in the US is 13.29 cents ($0.1329). However, rates vary significantly from one state to the next and even from town to town.

Hawaii residents pay 30.55 cents per kWh, which is the highest rate in the US. Louisiana has the lowest rate, charging an average of 7.01 cents per kWh. Outside of the US, Germany has the highest electricity rates. The average residential rate was 36 cents per kWh.

What’s the Wattage of Your Grow Light Bulbs?

Multiply the watts of your bulbs by the number of bulbs to determine the total wattage. For example, if you have 6 40-watt CFL tubes, your grow lights require 240 watts of power (6 x 40 = 240).

What Are the Most Expensive Grow Lights to Run?

HPS bulbs are the most expensive to run, as they may require the use of ventilation fans. They are also the least efficient option, requiring you to replace the bulbs more frequently.

Can You Turn Grow Lights Off to Save Money?

You can turn your grow lights off to conserve energy and save money, but your plants may not grow as quickly. Leaving your lights on for 12 to 18 hours per day promotes faster plant growth, especially during the flowering stage. However, most plants only require 8 to 10 hours of light.

Conclusion

The cost of running your grow lights depends on the total wattage of all the bulbs used. You also need to include the cost of ventilation fans, which are often needed when using HID bulbs.

Multiply the total wattage of your setup by the number of hours they run each day. Depending on the growth stage, you may run your lights for 12 to 18 hours. Multiply the total energy consumed each day by your electricity rate. You now have an estimate for the cost per day to keep your lights on.

Further reading: Can You Grow Your Plants With Regular LED Lights?

How Far Should Grow Lights Be From Plants?

Indoor plant growers want to know how far grow lights need to be from plants so they don't burn or suffer.

The answer is, the distance varies based on the age of the plant and the type and wattage of the grow lights used.

In this article, I've outlined the recommended distances for fluorescent, LED, and HID lights at each stage of plant growth. I'll also touch on why it's important to get this right so that my plants can be as healthy as I hope for.

You might also like:

Different Heights for Different Grow Lights and Wattages

LED Grow Light Bulb Distances

My LED (light-emitting diode) lights should be about 12-30 inches apart from the top part of my plants.

The nice thing about LED lighting is that they give me a little leeway in terms of distance because they let off relatively less heat.

In a study by Oklahoma State University, I learned that LED lights have the highest efficiency and lowest energy consumption in comparison to HID, fluorescent, and incandescent lights.

LED Distances by Wattage:

Fluorescent Light Distances

I never raise fluorescent grow lights more than 1 foot above my plants because they won't be effective at that height. Five inches is a good light distance to start with.

These lights aren't quite as strong as the others, but I do recommend keeping an eye on them in case their heat emission does burn the plants.

HID Grow Light Distances

My HID (high light intensity discharge) lights should be a minimum of 12 inches apart from any part of my plant in any case.

There are differing strengths of HIDs based on their sizes, but the lights shouldn't go more than a maximum of 30 inches away.

You should also read: Can You Leave Grow Lights On All Day?

Flowering Plants Distancing

The distances to keep grow lights from my flowering plants will be slightly different, based on their growth stages. The following guidelines go solely for LED lights.

1. Seedling Stage

To keep my seedlings from drying out, I will make sure LED grow lights are no further than 24 inches (and no more than 36 inches away).

2. Vegetative Stage

When the plant is past seedling age but not yet flowering, I can optimize its growth by placing my LED lights or grow lamp closer than they were in the seedling stage.

However, I don't want to place them too close, as this stage is when the maturing happens. I don't want to stunt its growth with excess heat that could come from putting the lights too close.

3. Flowering Stage

Note that for LED grow lights, the distance must get shortened in the flowering stage. This helps optimize photosynthesis.

I will make sure my grow lights are 16-36 inches from the plant canopy in this vital flowering phase.

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are the most common questions people have when it comes to distancing.

Is too much light bad?

Too much light is bad because it can lead to bleaching or drying out of plants. If my plants get too dry, they won't have enough water to fuel the photosynthesis process.

How can I tell if a grow light is too close?

While the obvious sign is a dried out plant, it's better to know before the plant dies. I can tell if a grow light is too close to a plant based on several factors - the stage of plant growth, the type of grow light I'm using, and the wattage of my grow light. Each of these factors work relative to each other.

Can an LED grow light burn plants?

Yes, it's possible for LED grow lights to burn my plants. However, LED are far less likely to output enough heat to do so in comparison to HID and fluorescent lights.

Where should I locate my grow lights for plant growth?

Grow lights are best placed above the canopy of my plants (the canopy is the top layer of leaves). If my plant hasn't sprouted yet, I can place the light above the top of the soil instead

Conclusion

Placing grow lights at the best distance above my plants is easy enough if I know what type of light I'm using, as well as its wattage power. Additionally, it will help me to know how far along the plant is in its harvest cycle (seedling, vegetative, or flowering stage).

In general, though, I can count on LED lights as being the least heat-destructive to my plants and the most trusted artificial light. They are also the most energy efficient grow lights, and I can place them closer to my plants in general than I can place HID and fluorescent grow lights.

Further reading: DIY Grow Light System

How to Kill Aphids Once And For All

Tired of the sooty mold left behind and the influx of ants caused by aphid’s honeydew? Perhaps, these garden pests are wreaking havoc on the garden?

If left unchecked, these houseplant pests can stunt the growth of the garden. Here's how to go about killing aphids or maintain aphid control.

Related:

Here's How to Kill Aphids For Good

Aphids can be eliminated from the garden without harmful chemicals by incorporating various tactics.

Some natural enemies of aphids are:

Moreover, since aphids aren’t the fastest insects, I could manage them with sprays or by hand.[/note]

Quick pro tip: In a week, an adult aphid can produce up to 80 offspring. To eliminate aphids, combining several methods is required.Hose With a Spray Nozzle (Organic)

Grab a garden hose and spray off the infested plant with a powerful stream. It's best to use this method before the aphid infestation entirely takes hold. However, make sure that the plant can handle high water pressure. Otherwise, the plant might die.

Use Your Hands (Organic)

Place a bucket of water mixed with soap beneath the plant, put on some gardening gloves, and knock off the aphids into the pail.

Insecticidal Soap

Anyone can prepare a homemade aphid spray by combining three tablespoons of natural soap (like Castile soap) in a container filled with water.

After finishing crafting the spray, apply it to affect the parts of the plant. Aim for applying it under a leaf. It’s an area where aphids love to hide.

The insecticidal soap will dissolve the protective layer of aphids in other insects like ants, which will kill them. It's harmless to birds, ladybugs, or bees.

Neem Oil (Organic)

Neem oil repels insects like aphids and:

However, neem oil may harm beneficial insects, so use this horticultural oil with caution.

Essential Oils

In addition to using neem oil, anyone can create a homemade aphid spray with the following oils:

Throw in four to five drops of each essential oil and mix them in a spray bottle.

Tanglefoot Tangle-Trap

The pesticide-free and natural sticky coating contains gum, resins, vegetable oil, and wax. It’s an excellent and weather-resistant medium anyone can apply to surfaces to trap beetles, ants, and aphids.

Natural Predator Removal

The following creatures are predatory insects and creatures to aphids. It’s ideal for attracting them into the yard (unless they’re harmful to any plants in the crop) to maintain aphid control.

Green Lacewings

Larvae of lacewings are wingless when they hatch but remain in the general area to hunt for prey such as aphids. A nice perk because that means these beneficial insects won’t flee the area. Moreover, these bugs reside around an aphid colony.

Since lacewings are soft-bodied insects like aphids, you must not use insecticidal soap in tandem with releasing green lacewings in the garden. The soap spray will kill them along with the aphids. Moreover, when using neem oil, ensure not to introduce lacewings into the garden.

Green lacewing eggs are available at local biological control supply shops or online.

Lady Beetles

Ladybugs, also known as lady beetles, eat fewer aphids in their adult stage than they do in their larval stage. Therefore, it’s best to keep ladybugs in the area long enough to mate to hatch larvae to deal with the aphids.

After purchasing ladybugs online, use these tips to achieve better results from combating aphids with ladybugs:

Birds

Birds-specifically chickadees and wrens-are excellent predators to use against aphids. How, though? Provide them with housing to keep them in the area. Small shrubs and trees will shelter them and allow them to make their nests.

Using Strategic Planting

I mentioned ways to kill aphids. Now I’ll cover some natural deterrents anyone can strategically plant to lure aphids into traps or repel them for good-companion planting.

Ensure to dispose of dead materials when they fall off of plants. Otherwise, they might serve as shelters for aphids to harbor their eggs.

Plants That Attract Helpful Insects

If I was looking to pull aphids away from their host plant, the following plants are the best to use:

Plant these in valuable areas of the garden, for instance, near tomato plants.

Plants That Are Natural Aphid Repellents

The following are outdoor and houseplants that naturally repel aphids:

Plants That Help Trap Aphids

Here’s a list of garden plants that are great for trapping aphids:

Root Aphids

As with regular aphids, root aphids also cause yellowed and curled leaves. A result of root aphids sucking on plant roots makes them susceptible to rot and various ailments. In addition to finding this insect pest beneath outdoor plants, herbs and indoor plants are also vulnerable to root aphids.

Unfortunately, unlike their above-ground counterparts, root aphids are harder to handle.

Natural Predators

There aren’t many species that can infiltrate them other than parasitic wasps and birds to combat root aphid eggs.

Beneficial Nematodes

When introduced to your soil, beneficial insects like nematodes will prevent the spread of root aphids while not harming species that are good for plants like earthworms. Indoor or outdoor plantings can benefit from nematodes.

Avoid Spreading Infestations

When planning to relocate or dispose of infected plants, make sure not to drop any soil. The infestation can spread to nearby plants.

What Do Aphids Look Like?

Here are some common ways to identify aphids:

Where Aphids Like to Live

Aphids like to live on primarily fruits and vegetables, some outdoor plants such as roses or chrysanthemums, and trees and bushes. The wingless aphids usually hide on the underside of leaves.

[note]Here's a fun fact: Aphids produce a sugary waste called honeydew. After a while, sooty mold will grow on this waste. Moreover, the honeydew attracts other pests like ants.

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are frequently asked questions regarding handling an aphid problem.

How Long Do Aphids Live For?

Aphids live between 20-40 days. Moreover, female aphids can live for 25 days.

How Do You Get Rid of Aphids Permanently?

To permanently eliminate aphids, employ various preventative means to deter aphids from entering the garden-for instance, plant allium and catnip. Moreover, create an atmosphere that will attract aphids’ natural predators like birds or ladybugs.

To permanently keep away root aphids, introduce beneficial nematodes into the soil.

What Is the Best Aphid Killer?

Diatomaceous earth is the best aphid killer and won’t harm your plants. Moreover, diatomaceous earth is deadly to other pests like ants.

Do Aphids Jump?

Aphids don’t jump. Usually, aphids crawl to get to where they need to go. However, some generations of aphids may have wings to allow them to fly from plant to plant.

Does Vinegar Kill Aphids?

Vinegar will kill aphids by burning them to death by serving as a natural pesticide.

Do Banana Peels Keep Aphids Away?

Yes, banana peels keep aphids away. Divide the peels and bury them an inch or two in the soil around the plant. Moreover, place the peels at the base of affected plants. Both methods will repel aphids due to residual insecticides on the banana peel when it was grown.

How Do You Kill Aphid Eggs in Soil?

By releasing beneficial insects like nematodes into the soil, they will kill aphid eggs. Moreover, root aphids’ natural predators like birds or parasitic wasps will make quick work of the eggs.

Diatomaceous earth is another natural method that anyone can use for aphid control in and above the soil.

Can You Drown Aphids?

Aphids can drown if fully submerged in water. Even though insects have different breathing mechanisms from humans, it is technically closer to suffocating than drowning.

Does Hydrogen Peroxide Kill Aphids?

The extra Oxygen atom in hydrogen peroxide (H202) will attack organic blood cells. A small amount (3%) isn’t harmful to humans; however, it’s fatal to small insects like aphids.

Mix up the following in an empty spray:

Can Baking Soda Kill Aphids?

Baking soda does kill aphids. Moreover, they will combat spider mites and whiteflies.

To create a baking soda mixture to kill aphids, use the following:

How Do I Make a Natural Aphid Spray?

Here are various natural aphid sprays you can make with stuff lying around the home:

Do Aphids Live in Soil?

There is an aphid species that lives in the soil. They are grey-white and known as root aphids. The tactics used to kill these aphids are different from dealing with common aphids.

Final Verdict

An aphid infestation causes problems. Their honeydew causes mold, attracts ants, and hosts a myriad of other issues. To kill an aphid population, anyone can employ various methods, including attracting natural predators or using items from around the house.

Sprays that contain products like neem oil and other natural solutions can combat aphid infestations. However, using products like neem oil can seem contradictory because it might kill non-insect pests. Therefore, exercise caution when planting particular plants and use neem oil.

How To Fix A Leaking Garden Hose Connector

You can’t turn a blind eye on your leaking garden hose connector any longer. You might think you’re holding that connector in place by the sheer force of your will and determination. You’re not and it won't be long now before you have to deal with more than just a leaky connector.

It might be that it really is time to turn in your old hose connector for a new one. They’re cheap enough, and any hardware store you visit will carry one to suit your needs.

But before you do that, let’s check under the hood first, or connector head, as the case is to find out exactly why it's leaking and what you can do to fix it.

Here's how to fix a leaking garden hose connector once and for all.

Tighten the connector

Step 1

Turn off the water. You’d be surprised how many people forget to do this. Let’s take it for granted that this should be the first thing you do every time you remove your hose.

Step 2

Check the type of connector you have. Most connectors you’ll find will be the universal, standard connector. But sometimes, your connector might be different, so it never hurts to check.

These connectors either come with a rubber turner or a stainless steel clip attached that you’ll need to tighten when you fix it to your tap.

The most common (and easy-to-fix) reason why your hose connector might be leaking is because of this steel or rubber clip right here. They never seem to stay as tight as when you first screwed them on. Even the best garden hoses have this issue.

So what’s a quick fix to this problem?

First, tighten the rubber mouth or the steel clip around where it’s fixed to the tap. You don’t need any tools just yet, just your hand to turn that loose connector back in place.

But ever so often, you’ll find that the connector is still leaking. You’ve checked for any other possible culprit but can’t find anything wrong. Remember how I said you don’t need your tools just yet?

Maybe it’s time you go grab a wrench. Your connector might just need a little more help being tightened, and a wrench should do the trick.

A word of caution: Remember though, that while tightening a connector on tight isn’t bad, but fixing it in place extra-tight, is. Over time, you’ll find that your hose is getting deformed. This means that the hose rubber around the connector looks like it’s being held in a chokehold.

Why? When you tighten it extra-tight, the water pressure will prove too forceful, and the rubber will slowly expand. Moderation is the key.

Hose Leaking From The Nozzle

At this point just go and buy a new garden hose nozzle!

Leaking from the end of the hose

The end of your hose, where it meets the connector, can also be why you’re seeing water spurting from the bottom of the connector. It’s not the connector that is leaking, but the hose itself.

Why: It might just be from wear and tear, or if you’ve had some extreme weather, the cold can freeze the hose as often as the heat can melt it. It might also need a thorough cleaning, but that’s easy enough to do and easier still to fix.

Step 1

Detach the hose from the connector fittings, and then remove your hose clip or the rubber washer.

If you find it too tight to remove the hose, hold it in warm water for a few seconds to soften the rubber. Alternatively, hold the fitting in place between your shoes and gently pull at the hose to pop it off.

Do you see those frayed ends? That right there could be why your hose connector is leaking.

Step 2

Grab your pliers, preferably one that is big enough to cut through the hose. Alternatively, you can use a utility knife or a saw from your garden hose kit. Then, remove the washer or hose clamp.

You have to make sure that you trim the damaged edge off evenly. You might find that it needs more than just a trim. You can cut or clip off a couple of inches back from the edges or back from where you see the damage to the hose.

Using a utility knife

  1. Keep the hose flat against a hard surface.
  2. Hold the hose down. Consider using a steady weight to hold it down and place pressure on it. This should also keep it in place while you cut it.
  3. Cut through the hose without fraying the rubber or hacking at it.

Using pliers

A pair of thick, standard house pliers will just as effectively cut the damaged end off. But if you happen to have a garden hose kit, you’ll definitely find a hose plier in there to do the job.

Quick Tip: If you’re not too confident about cutting the hose yourself, and lugging that length of hose is more feasible than actually sawing the ends, you can take it over to your nearest garden store where they’ll be happy to do it for you. It only takes a minute and the sharp end of a knife.

Step 3

Put the washer or hose clip back in place and reattach the hose to the connector.

Try turning on the tap. See? All fixed.

Damaged rubber washer or gasket

Remember that rubber tube you took off your hose to clip it? That’s your washer. You’ll be surprised how pesky something so small and unassuming can really be.

The most common reason for a leaky hose connector is a bad washer. Sometimes, the washer might be missing altogether. But, again, this is an easy enough fix.

Quick Tip: You can buy a dozen or so universal rubber hose washers for a buck, but sometimes, your hose might need a steel hose clip. Always check to find out what your hose needs.

Step 1

Once you have your new washer or clip, remove the hose from the connector and pull off the old, damaged one. If you have a steel clip in place, you will need to use a flathead screwdriver to remove it.

Another quick tip: You can hold your hose down in some warm water for a few seconds to soften and alternatively clean the head.

Step 2

Once you’ve done that, it should be easier to slip on the new washer or clip. Secure it in place.

Things to watch out for

If you’ve got a steel clip in place, then you will have to secure that as well. For this, you will need to use that flathead screwdriver again, or a channel lock, to push down the steel clip and secure it in place. Similarly, when you tighten the clamp, make sure you don’t have it in a chokehold but instead a strong, firm grip.

Step 3

Once you fix the washer and are confident that it’s snug and secure, you can reattach the hose and clamp to the connector.

Turn on the faucet to check for any leaks.

Quick Tip: if you find that the water pressure is off, there’s a good possibility that you’ve tightened the clamp or the connector too tight.

So that's it! Hopefully you won't see anymore leaks. Another common problem is garden hose kinking, it's a good idea to prevent kinks so you can keep your hose healthy for years to come.

What Are Grow Lights and How Do They Work?

Grow lights are an essential part of cultivating indoor plants. They provide a specific type of lighting necessary to produce a successful yield, but what are grow lights, and how do they differ from normal lights?

Grow kit light bulbs are designed to emit wavelengths that replicate natural sunlight. These wavelengths are vital because they offer a specific spectrum of light required for photosynthesis to take place.

Let's take a look at grow lights, and discuss their features and benefits.

How Do Grow Lights Work?

There are various types of options available, depending on the growing operation and plants you wish to cultivate; however, all grow lights work by providing the proper spectrum of light necessary to promote optimal growth in your plants.

HID or high-intensity discharge lighting is often the best choice for large-scale indoor projects due to their high light emittance. In contrast, an LED grow light, and fluorescent light are popular in small, personal grow rooms for their ability to emit a broad light spectrum in a focused space.

Quick Note: Green plants thrive under a grow light because they promote various stages of growth through essential wavelengths.

A full-spectrum grow bulb will offer support to a plant from the vegetative state to the flowering stage. LED lights offer a custom approach to grow lights, with the option of using various lighting hues to produce a specific result.

Choosing the Right Grow Lights

There are essential factors to consider in choosing the best grow lights for your room. The room or location of your indoor garden, the type of plants and their size, and potential areas for lighting are all important when you make a purchase.

If your plants and space are small, you can easily install some LED grow bulbs, which require minimal maintenance. If you expect your plants to grow tall and a lot of light is needed, a more robust option with an intense discharge may need to be considered.

If you grow your plants in a living space, such as a closed-off room in your home, you’ll need to invest in a good quality kit with supplies, ventilation, and cooling fixtures, especially for lights like HID that heat quickly.

Adequate space to allow your plants to flourish and flower is also vital; properly spacing your lights helps produce the best results.

Fluorescent Lights

A fluorescent bulb offers an energy-efficient, bright option for you to grow various houseplants, herbs, succulents, and seedlings. Fluorescent tubes also offer a decent spectrum of light for optimal results. Fluorescent lights are affordable and offer a good solution if you’re looking to grow just a few plants indoors.

These bulbs typically do not support large grow projects, so if you're planning to take on a large project, look at some of the other options on our list.

You should also read: LED vs Fluorescent Lights

LED Lights

You’ll find LEDs a better alternative to fluorescent bulbs due to their fuller spectrum of light and ability to simulate blue light for photosynthesis.

Unlike incandescent bulbs, they produce little heat, so there is no danger of overheating, and plants reach their peak growth without difficulty.

LED lights are more expensive upfront than other grow bulbs; however, they are one of the most energy-efficient options and will save you money in the long term.

LEDs use a fraction of the electricity, and they outlive fluorescent lighting. They are an environmentally friendly option, considering they don't need to be replaced as often as other grow bulbs, and they require less energy.

High Output LED Lights

This style of LED bulb offers a more intense, full-spectrum light for a wider variety of plants. High output LED lights are a good fit for various plant varieties, including cacti or succulents, citrus plants, and a more comprehensive range of herbs and flowers.

This LED grow bulb offers a higher level of energy savings, with a broader spectrum and more light intensity than traditional LED lights.

HID or High-Intensity Discharge Lighting

HIDs, HPS lights, or metal halide lights are inexpensive and produce a high level of light at full spectrum. You’ll notice excellent, consistent results for every grow project if properly used. They tend to be intense and burn out quicker than LED lights, so they'll need to be replaced more often as a result.

It's also important to note that they emit a high heat level, so it's essential to space them properly not to harm your plants.

You should also read: LED vs HID Grow Lights

Types of Lighting Characteristics

Grow lights utilize electromagnetic wavelengths in order to output a light source that is powerful enough to aid in a plant's growth.

Humans can only detect visible light, whereas plants can detect visible light as well as wavelengths, UV, and far-red spectrums.

Plants use light from the PAR (photosynthetic active radiation) for photosynthesis measuring between 400-700 nanometers. This light energy is then transferred by the plant molecule, chlorophyll, to chemical energy.

Chlorophyll absorbs most light from the red or blue light spectrum, which is found at the peak of the PAR range. The color spectrum of a light bulb can resemble a cool color temperature, such as blue, or a warmer color, such as red.

Different types of grow lights have a smaller to broader spectrum so that all the necessary colors are present throughout the entire cultivation of the plants. For example, UV light helps plants produce the essential natural oils that promote flavor and smell, while LED lights can help promote growth in crops due to their full light spectrum.

What to Know Before you Buy Grow Lights

There are many types of grow lights on the market, and choosing the correct type for your indoor gardening project is essential.

Different styles of artificial light offer different benefits, depending on factors that will determine which indoor grow light will yield the best results for your houseplant.

Consider the following:

Grow Space

How much space you intend to use for growing plants, and do you have enough room for adequate lighting?

Bulb Distance

Is there enough room to adjust the distance between the bulbs and each plant between the germination, vegetative and flowering stages?

Heat Needed

How much heat do your bulbs provide? If you use a grow light that emits a lot of heat like HIDs, ventilation and cooling fixtures may be required.

Initial Cost

Compare the initial cost of the plant light and the long-term benefits. LED bulbs are more expensive upfront. However, they save on energy, money, and last longer. HID lights offer stronger, full-spectrum light, though they cost more initially and require frequent replacement.

In addition to understanding the basics of your growing project, indoor growers must research different brands to choose the best quality for their project. Many brands and price ranges vary, making the task a bit of work to start.

Quick Tip: Once you become familiar with the type of grow bulbs you need, it’s essential to compare reviews and ratings from various places. The overall average rating of a product is your best predictor for a quality product and a good return on your investment.

If you're unsure of where to start, it’s worthwhile to ask for recommendations from growing experts on the best options for plant growth. For beginners, a start-up kit with all the necessary supplies is a good option.

Ask for Recommendations and Reviews on Lighting Products

If you work for a company or store that sells indoor growing supplies, it’s worthwhile to ask for recommendations on the best options for plant growth. They are experts after all!

For beginners, a start-up kit with all the necessary supplies is a good option. It’s also much easier to begin with the basics and starts with a more minor grow operation to “test” your first kit.

Grow Light Kit Options for Beginners

Starting your first growing project doesn’t have to be difficult or complicated. It’s best to start with a simple set of plants, so you can set up your grow room with all the right equipment.

You’ll find many start-up kits that offer instructions for recommended plants. It’s essential to set up your space as accurately as possible to allow for maximum growth.

Investing in a Grow Light Kit

Grow light kits typically offer the basics, and you may add more supplies as needed, depending on your project. The leading equipment included in a package includes lights, a grow tent, clamps, and fans with filters.

Grow Light

What is a grow light that works best for beginners? If you purchase LED bulbs, your setup will be much easier, as you wouldn’t need to use ballasts to install the lamps.

LED bulbs incorporate the function of ballasts into one unit, so all that is needed is an electrical source to plug them into. They also offer a consistent light source, work with all varieties of plants, and produce a broad spectrum of light.

Tent

While not all grow kits include tents, they are usually featured in more expensive systems. The main benefit of grow tents is their ability to control the climate and the environment of the room.

If you do not purchase a kit that includes a tent, some online tutorials and instructions offer DIY grow light methods.

Support

Clamps keep the tent in place while allowing for a protected environment for your plants. Any wiring or additional support for your room should be safely organized so that you can maximize the space. Fans and filters are vital to ensure adequate ventilation and airflow inside the tent, and the grow room.

Preventing Risks

There are some risks involved in creating and maintaining your grow room. Fire is often the first risk that comes to mind. Incorrect wiring creates electrical fires, not overheating from the bulbs directly.

LEDs are cool to the touch and a safer option for homes with pets and kids. CFL or fluorescent lights shatter more quickly than LED or HID lamps, posing a risk.

Keep your grow room electrical outlets as uncomplicated and straightforward as possible to avoid even the slightest risk of damage.

Warning: Overloading outlets and using them for long periods can increase the risk of fire. You'd be surprised at how many people do this!

Mold occurs when the level of moisture in the grow room increases, then fluctuates over time. Turning the lights off frequently can create more mold due to dampness, which can damage plants and pose a risk to your health. Mold and mildew also jeopardize the growing space and may remain after your growing operation.

LED bulbs are the only grow bulbs without mercury, which means there is no health risk from them if they break. Other bulbs contain various levels of this substance and must be handled carefully to avoid breaking.

Summary

Grow lights are continuously improving, and manufacturers offer better options for growers at more affordable prices.

Safety and quality are top priorities, and fortunately, there are many products to choose from, whether you are new to indoor cultivation or experienced.

To yield the best results, start small and work your way up. With a little practice, your indoor garden will flourish in no time.

How to Get Rid of Fungus Gnats and Why You Absolutely Should

You may (or may not) know that fungus gnats are the leading cause for your plants not flourishing properly. So they really need to go.

Below, I'm going to show you how you can keep your plants from getting fungus gnats either by killing them with some SUPERB organic products or preventing them naturally.

Let's get into it.

Related: 

How to Get Rid of Fungus Gnats in 3 Steps

The below steps are considered natural and the most recommend ways to discourage these little critters.

Step 1 - Let your soil dry

By letting the soil dry out before your next watering, the gnats will be discouraged from laying new eggs (gnats love moisture).

Step 2 - Spray your soil

Spray the soil with a mix of water (1 cup) and add a few drops of dish soap or Castille soap. Make sure to repeat this step after a few days.

Step 3 - Add sand or gravel into your soil

Fungus gnats larvae are only found in the top inch of soil. By replacing the top inch with sand or gravel, the gnats will be discouraged from laying more eggs because of the dry environment.

Organic Products That Kill Fungus Gnats and Larvae

Below is a list of recommended organic products that will also kill fungus gnats quickly, some are faster than others. But all tried and tested.

Hydrogen Peroxide

Mosquito Bits

Neem Oil

AzaMax

How To Prevent Fungus Gnats

Avoid overwatering your plants. Fungus gnats thrive in moist environments. If you see them or the larvae, avoid watering until the soil has dried up.

They are common in nurseries and green gardens, so carefully inspect your plant before buying it.

  1. Check the base of the plant, gently looking through the soil to find signs of the gnats or the whitish fungus gnat larvae
  2. Be sure that new plants are pest-free by quarantined them from other plants for at least 2-3 weeks
  3. During the quiet, regularly check for any sign of infestation
  4. If the infestation is present, follow the proper steps before bringing the plant into your home
  5. Mulching can help against fungus gnat infestation because of its dry temperature

What Are Fungus Gnats?

Six different families make up the fungus gnats species. These six families include the Mycetophilidae, Diadocidiidae, Ditomyiidae, Bolitophilidae, Keroplatidae, and most importantly, the Sciaridae.

Most fungus gnat species are not harmful to plants, except for the Sciaridae family. We dive deeper into the Sciaridae later in the article. So keep reading!

They are quite the little troopers and produce eggs at an astonishing rate, which quickly become deadly to your plants.

Fungus gnats are an invasive species. They form when laying their eggs in the soil near plant roots. Their larvae will feed off the plant root and fungi in the soil until they're ready to hatch.

Usually, this process takes place at the plant nursery. So, by the time you bring a new plant into your home, the fungus gnats have fully hatched. They're ready to begin a new cycle by hatching eggs of their own.

Did You Know? Some plants can increase oxygen production in your home. This can help with respiratory problems caused by asthma, anxiety, or COPD.

What Do Fungus Gnats Look Like?

It's important to know what these pests look like to identify them and treat them! They can be hard to spot because of their similarity to fruit flies. They are small and dark-looking insects that live in the soil of houseplants.

Fully developed fungus gnats can also be mistaken for mosquitos because of their similar shape. However, they are much smaller than most mosquitos and flies.

The best way to know if you have them is by watering your plants or disturbing the soil. They will come to the surface almost immediately.

It would help if you also were on the lookout for the fungus gnat larvae. They have a shiny black head with an almost clear body. They can reach almost a quarter inch in length, which makes them hard to find, especially since they live in your plants' soil.

When in doubt, begin a mild treatment on your plants. You can use hydrogen peroxide as a safe and fast treatment. Don't worry. Down below I've provided some step-by-step instructions for how to treat fungus gnats!

Quick Pro Tip: Regularly check the soil moisture for soil and plant health. Checking moisture levels is best done with a soil moisture gauge by inserting it into the soil. This special gauge can tell you if the soil is dry, moist, or wet.

What Is The Life Cycle of A Fungus Gnat?

Fungus Gnats live a fast and short life. Their life-cycle consists of four different stages (egg, larvae, pupae, and adult). They can live for about a week as adults, so they lay about three hundred eggs in that week.

Once the egg is all laid in, the small-sized larvae will form shortly. During the growing process of the fungus gnat larvae, their size increases at a tremendous. The fungus gnat larvae grow so fast by eating organic matter in the soil.

After the larvae are fully grown, they will form into their pupal phase. The pupae will live under the soil’s surface until they are fully formed, adults.[/note]

Quick Pro Tip: Overwatered plants are more susceptible to hosting gnats and others pests. Most plants only need monthly watering (check your specific plant type for more information).

When are Fungus Gnats Most Active?

During the fall is when they become more active in the home. Not because gnats prefer cold weather, but quite the opposite, actually. To elaborate, this happens because of the cool weather that drives the gnats to find warmer temperatures inside.

Making your home or greenhouse a primary target for these pests. So start taking the necessary precautions in the hot summer months.

Many plant parents bring their outdoor plants inside in the fall. This causes their population to overlaps one another. This happens when the adult gnats from the summer reproduce again in the warm weather inside your home.

Do I Have Fungus Gnats?

As I mentioned earlier, a great way to know if you have fungus gnats is disturbing the soil. This can happen by watering your plant and moving the soil around. Adult flies buzzing around your garden can also be a sign.

You should also regularly monitor your plants for any yellow leaves or slow growth. If fungus gnats are present, treat all your plants immediately, regardless if they are having symptoms or not.

Sadly, you recovering plants can still be at risk for fungal diseases. Fungus gnat larvae spread fungus spores, which can be the leading cause of many common plant diseases. So taking the necessary steps and using the right tools is key to healthy plant life!

Effects of Fungus Gnats

Most fungus gnat species are not harmful unless it's in the Sciaridae family. Be aware of the fungus gnat larvae in this family, as they are the most harmful during this stage. The fungus gnat larvae can chew through the roots and spread disease.

They do this by picking up the spores from infected plants or soil, which causes your plants to develop scabs, leaf spots, and cankers, which causes the leaves to turn yellow and wilted, eventually causing plant death if not treated properly.

[note]Quick Pro Tip: Provide drainage holes for your indoor plants. Plants not being able to drain properly is the main cause of rotting and root problems.

How to Get Rid of Earwigs in the Garden for Good (2 Methods)

Whether you're new to gardening or an expert, finding your plants full of holes or half-eaten is a nightmare come true.

If you one day wake up to some damaged plants in your precious garden, it probably means you have some uninvited crawling guests roaming around. These unwanted guests are bound to infest your entire garden unless they’re eliminated.

So let's get started.

Related:

How to Get Rid of Earwigs For Good

Among the most common garden pests are earwigs. They're known for wreaking havoc upon vegetables, flowers, and even fruit trees. That being said, this in-depth guide will discuss how you can go about eliminating earwigs completely.

1. Humane or Natural Removal and Prevention

Don't like killing anything? No problem. Here are the most natural and humane ways of removal these little bugs.

Diatomaceous Earth

DM is a natural fine white powder made out of siliceous rock. Food-grade diatomaceous earth is not toxic to humans, but earwigs are sensitive to it.

If you have earwigs in your garden, sprinkle some of the powder around the damaged plants' base. Keep in mind that the powder has to be applied to dry soil, so you must re-apply in case of rain or watering.

Encourage More Birds

Many bird species are natural predators, which makes them perfect for pest control. Encourage birds into your garden by providing a supply of clean water and food as well as places for them to hide and nest. Trees like oaks, pines, cedar, and birch provide cover during bad weather and shelter birds from predators.

Soy Sauce and Oil Trap

Pour equal parts of soy sauce and olive (or vegetable) oil into a container then punch small holes in the lid and secure it on top. Bury the container in the ground so the lid would level with the soil. This will help repel earwigs away from your garden.

Neem Oil

If you have an indoor garden that’s earwig-contaminated, neem oil is the most ideal solution.

It’s arguably the best option to get rid of earwigs indoors. It doesn’t have any chemicals in it so it’s safe for you and your pets. Plus, it’s cheap and odorless.

Attract the Tachinid Fly

The tachinid fly is the only earwig insect predator in North America. To attract them, provide a diversity of small-flower plants.

Use parsley, cilantro, fennel, Queen Ann’s Lace, aster, dill, and chamomile. Also, allow weeds like wild carrot and sweet clover to grow in the garden.

Lay Bamboo Beds

As a trap, lay a couple of bamboo beds, before dark, between your plants. Then, in the morning, empty these traps in soapy water. Be careful not to open them accidentally before getting rid of the earwigs inside.

2. Chemical Removal (Killing them)

If you want to get rid of them by any means necessary, then these are the most trusted ways.

Alcohol and Water Spray

Make your very own earwig insecticide by mixing equal volumes of water and 70% alcohol. Then, spray the mixture over the dwelling places of earwigs.

Dish Soap and Water Spray

Add a couple of drops of dish soap into a water bottle and spray the leaves of your plant as well as the damp areas in which you saw earwigs.

M-Pede Insecticidal Soap

M-Pede soap is a staple in organic pest control. It should be sprayed directly onto the earwigs, preferably in the early morning or in the darkness, as earwigs are mostly nocturnal.

Sprinkle Boric Acid Powder

You can sprinkle some boric acid powder over out-of-reach areas to help you with earwig control. However, the powder is toxic so make sure to keep it away from children and pets.

How to Control Earwigs Near Plants?

Become the critter traffic controller, by using techniques that help keep earwigs away from your most precious plants.

Fill in Cracks and Holes

Earwigs can crawl into your house through the tiniest crevices, especially near the doorways. For earwig control, make sure to fill any cracks and holes in walls and basement using calk or sealant.

Use Sodium Lights

Although earwigs are attracted to lights, you can use sodium yellow lights to lure them away from your garden.

Remove Old Dead Leaves

Earwigs’ favorite food is decaying old plants and leaves, so make sure to get rid of any leaf litter.

Fix Leaking Faucets or Drains

Earwigs are usually found in dark and damp places. Your drains provide a reliable source of water and food not only for earwig infestation but for different pests and insects.

Also, the debris in your pipes provides excellent nesting material for eggs. Make sure to clean and fix any leaking faucets, drains, and pipes. You don’t want to be standing over the sink one day and be surprised by little earwigs creeping out of the drain!

Signs Of Earwig Damage

There are always some telltale signs that you've had a visit from one of these little guys. Here's how to spot the damage.

Leaves Will Appear Jagged and Full of Holes

Though many garden pests cause cavities in plants, earwig damage can be recognized by the irregular, ragged cavities along leaf edges and the petals of a plant. They prefer young leaves and fruits and can demolish them overnight.

After Rainy Weather

As we mentioned, earwigs tend to reside in dark, damp places, so rainy days are perfect for them to come out and devour your seedlings.

Under Pots or Damaged Plants

In potted plants, earwigs typically hide in the saucer beneath the pot (water drains into it through tiny holes). Make sure to check beneath the damaged potted plants.

Similar to Slugs and Snails

Just like snails and slugs, earwigs can severely damage your seedling vegetables. Also, all three usually lay their eggs in the soil.

Plants Earwigs Like

Just like us humans, there are some foods that they really enjoy. So when you pot these plants in your garden, just be aware that they are prone to attracting earwigs.

Frequently Asked Questions

If you can't find an answer to your question below, get in touch and we'll be happy to help.

What Are Earwigs?

Earwigs, also known as pincher bug, are incest pest that has a brown and reddish color. There are 22 types of Earwigs in the United States and there are over 1,000 different species all over the world; the most common species being the European earwigs.

Why Are Earwigs in My Garden?

Earwigs are attracted to dark, damp places, as they provide the perfect conditions for shelter. You can usually find them hiding under potted plants, rocks, wooden boards, and mulch.

Be sure to remove decaying leaves, excess moisture, and mulch from your garden to prevent earwig infestation.

What Scent Keeps Earwigs Away?

The strong scent of cinnamon, peppermint, eucalyptus, and lavender help with pest control. Use two drops of each oil into a gallon of water and spray onto the damaged areas. Also, try making a repellent spray by mixing equal parts of vinegar and water.

Should You Kill Earwigs?

Despite their eerie looks, earwigs are a beneficial pest when found in compost piles and they help gardeners eliminate other insects like silverfish.

However, if you find them in huge groups, it means you have an earwig infestation, which can devastate your plants overnight if you don't act fast.

Where Do Earwigs Lay Eggs?

Female earwigs lay their eggs under garden debris, mulch, and stones, as well as in soil. Eggs hatch into tiny, white nymphs and remain in the hole protected and fed by their mother until their first molt. Keep an eye out for these eggs and throw them away before they hatch.

What Is the Best Pesticide to Kill Earwigs?

Many insecticides can help with pest control. We recommend using neem oil spray or diatomaceous earth as both are natural and therefore safe to be used on vegetables. However, neem oil will need to be reapplied at least once a week, while DM will last until it gets wet.

What Is the Lifespan of an Earwig?

The earwig's lifespan is a year. It starts when female earwigs, who are famous for their maternal care, lay 25-50 eggs at a time. The female will stand guard to their eggs until they hatch after seven days, and even then, she will keep protecting the earwig nymphs until their second molt.

After the nymphs undergo a series of molts, they reach their last stage as adult earwigs and emerge into the world.

Do Earwigs Bite or Pinch?

Despite the famous myth of earwigs crawling into your ear (which is believed to be the reason behind the name), earwigs rarely bite humans.

However, an earwig is more likely to pinch your skin and hold on tight. But again, the pinch rarely breaks the skin or draws blood.

How Often Do Earwigs Lay Eggs?

The female earwig typically lays two rounds of eggs. Usually, earwigs breed once a year, in autumn or winter, and the eggs hatch and are ready by early spring and summer.

Conclusion

How to Care for Air Plants (5 Simple Techniques)

Tillandsia air plants are becoming increasingly popular as decorative houseplants. Traditionally, plants require soil to grow their roots, but air plants lack working roots and instead grow each leaf directly.

Tillandsias need to anchor themselves on a surface, which leads some to falsely assume tillandsias only need air to thrive. However, they're still living, breathing organisms that need nutrients after all. So, let's look at proper air plant care and how to care for them.

Also Read: Aeroponics - What Is It And How To Get Started

How to Care for Air Plants so They Live Longer

So how much light does an air plant need? Well, it varies. Let me explain:

Bright Filtered Light

Filtered light refers to direct sunlight that passes through a surface (such as a window) that only allows certain hues to pass. Keep your plant about 3-5 feet from the window for 5-6 hours.

Indirect Light

A brightly illuminated room also works fine. If you can easily read a book in that spot, it’s good for your tillandsia.

Artificial Light

Fluorescent light is a good option, but ensure the plant gets at least 12 hours of it daily.

How to Water an Air Plant

Make sure you follow these steps carefully if you want to give your air plant the best chance of surviving.

1. Every 1-2 Weeks

Watering is a vital part of air plant care. Optimally, your tillandsia needs showering every 1-2 weeks, depending on the weather. Hot air tends to dry the plant, so you’ll need to water it about once a week.

You can tell how much water is needed by the color: the greener the plant, the less water it can handle, and vice versa.

2. Dunk in Water, Leave to Soak (5-10 Minutes)

Avoid softened, or distilled water as these kill plants. Filtered or tap water is excellent, but if using tap water, let it sit for 15-30 minutes for the chlorine to dissipate. If you have access to spring or rainwater, they're even better. Dunk your plant in a bowl of water for 5-10 minutes to soak.

3. Leave to Air Dry (1-3 Hours)

Get your tillandsia somewhere with adequate air circulation and lighting, flip it to avoid wetting the core, and let it sit on its leaves for 1-3 hours to dry.

Quick Tip: Signs of under watering are wilted or brown leaves.

4. Gently Shake Excess Water

After your plant has dried, give it a gentle upside-down shake to get any excess water droplets off it.

5. Mist Once per Week

When the plant is too dry, you can give it a few weekly sprays to moisturize it, but don’t over-mist and ensure it dries within an hour.

6. Hot Humid Weather Means More Water

Hot weather depletes water faster, meaning more thirst and more water.

7. Morning Watering Only

Morning is the best time for watering since it’ll last throughout the rest of the day.

Temperature

Tillandsias are native to the regions between southern U.S. and mid-Argentina, so they’re acclimated to warmth. They thrive in 50-90°F degrees (10-32°C). Once the weather dips to the 40s (5-10 °C), it becomes disruptive to air plant care.

Fertilizer

While fertilizer isn’t essential for air plant care, it can help if made from bromeliads (i.e., Spanish moss). Adding a hint to your plant’s water once every 1-2 months gets the job done.

Note: Over-fertilization is a problem to avoid. Also, if you soak your plant in an aquarium or a pond, you’re already naturally fertilizing it and shouldn’t add more.

Circulation

Tillandsias need adequate air circulation to survive. It’s okay if you’re keeping yours in a globe. Open it up for misting now and then and let it dry before closing it back to maintain humidity.

Trimming & Aesthetic Maintenance

Over time, leaves turn brown and curl. You can cut these off at an angle to keep the neat, natural look.

Air Plant Life Cycle

Did you know?: Air plants live about 3-5 years, more with proper care. That's pretty good considering the low upkeep needed.

Blooming

Blooming occurs once in their lifetimes. Blooms can last from days to months, depending on the species.

Pups

During blooming, pups are produced. These pups can be gently cut off or broken off the mother plant to start their life cycle as parent plants.

Clumping

If you leave pups on the mother plant, forming a clump. This is fine, and you can tug away a dead bit when needed.

Mounting

Air plants can be mounted to any surface, but remember they need watering and drying, so we recommend staying away from hydrophobic (i.e., wooden) or wet surfaces.

Types of Air Plant Species

Tillandsia

Tillandsia species are epiphytes that anchor themselves on an object and grow suspended off it. There are two main types: mesic and xeric air plants, native to humid and sandy regions.

Aeriums

A recent word, aerium, is derived from a terrarium, a glass container used to house plants in soil.

Frequently Asked Questions

If you can't find an answer to your question below, get in touch and we'll be happy to help.

Can My Air Plants Live Outdoors?

Provided the temperature outside isn’t too cold or too hot, then absolutely! They’ve been living out for as long as they’ve existed, so they’re well adapted to particular climates. Humidity in the air isn’t always a reliable source of water, so make sure to supplement your plant as per its water cycle.

How Often Do You Water an Air Plant?

Watering periods will differ depending on the climate. Generally, you can set your reminders according to these periods:

Soaking: once per 1 to 2 weeks in typical weather, once a week in hot and dry weather

Misting: once a week in typical weather, twice a week in hot and dry weather

Can You Overwater an Air Plant?

Definitely. Too much water will eliminate space for the air plant to store the oxygen necessary for its breathing. Overwatering also makes a suitable environment for fungus to grow on your plant, causing rot. Be careful because this irreversibly damages the plant!

Where Do You Put Air Plants?

You can place air plants anywhere! They anchor onto a surface and grow out from there, so you can place them on any surface and let them do their thing. Because air plants need frequent watering and drying, we recommend avoiding hydrophobic surfaces, such as wood and wet surfaces.

Do Air Plants Grow Bigger?

Yes. Air plants are still living organisms after all and will grow as they age. Their sizes vary significantly from one species to another since some will be as small as 2 inches in leaf length while others grow as big as 7 feet, though these are rare as houseplants.

How Long Can Air Plants Go Without Water?

Depending on the environment the air plant is in, the answer will vary greatly. Hot air will dry the plant quicker, depleting whatever water it has stored, killing an air plant in 2 or 3 days. On the other hand, some people have reported theirs going weeks without water.

What Does an Overwatered Air Plant Look Like?

As they near dehydration, they'll start to look duller and lose their green color, tending to a shade of grey. The leaves, which are typically erect, will curl to form a U shape facing downwards. As you quench its thirst, you'll see these symptoms reverse, and that's how you'll know it's getting better.

Is Coca-Cola Good for Plants?

Salt and sugar are bad for plants since they drastically prevent water from being absorbed by the plant. Although Coca-Cola and other soda drinks may contain a large amount of water, about 9% of them will almost certainly kill a plant. Besides, they’re much more expensive than water, so there’s no good in them.

Do Air Plants Need Pots?

They can be grown in pots or aeriums. Their relatively small size allows them to be placed virtually anywhere that supports their living conditions. If you want to keep them in a pot with or without soil, that’s perfectly fine. If a hanging succulent aerium is more your thing, also great!

How Long Do Air Plants Take to Flower?

The flowering process happens only once in an air plant’s lifetime and is relatively slow. It can be 1 or 2 years before a tillandsia starts to flower, especially in slower species like the tillandsia xerographica, in which flowering can go on for months while emitting plenty of colorful spikes!

What Liquid Makes Plants Grow Faster?

Carbonated water could actually boost plant growth because the bubbles in it contain carbon dioxide, which is necessary for a plant’s photosynthesis. However, we don’t recommend frequenting this option as it hasn’t been thoroughly tested. Fertilizer is what certainly speeds up plant growth, as it has been produced to do.

Is Milk Good for Plants?

Fresh, powdered, and even expired milk have positive effects on plants both as a fertilizer and an antifungal, but the catch here is that the milk should be diluted, room temperature, and low-fat (1%). You can mix milk with water at a 50-50 ratio to give your plant these benefits.

Quick Recap